If you think that finding a foundation shade that matches your skin tone perfectly is the only obstacle when it comes to wearing foundation, think again. As any frequent makeup wearer would know, there are tons of mishaps that can happen when you are painting your face with foundation. From a foundation that will not stay put to ending up with cakeface, the art of applying foundation is one that is not easy to master.

How do you then ensure you achieve a flawless and smooth appearance with your foundation? Is it just a matter of ensuring you have applied your foundation with the correct tool? Well, as important as your application tool is when it comes to putting on foundation, this can only be determined by the type of foundation you are using.

You are probably wondering, “You mean, I can’t use the same brush for every type of foundation I own?” Technically you can, of course, but that does not mean you will get the best results for your make-up intention. Every tool that is available for the purpose of applying foundation — brush, makeup sponge, even your fingers — is suited perfectly for specific textures to help you achieve flawless coverage.

Intrigued? Read on to find out more on how you should be applying every type of foundation available in the market.


Liquid Foundation

There are different types of coverage you can get with liquid foundations, from sheer to full coverage. While you can certainly use the same tool to apply the different types of liquid foundation, you should consider the coverage you wish to achieve with your foundation when deciding on which tool to use.

Sheer Coverage

Liquid foundations that offer sheer coverage (e.g. tinted moisturiser, BB cream, CC cream) are usually lightweight enough that you can simply use your fingers to apply the product. This is a particularly great technique if you want to create a glowing and dewy complexion as the heat from your fingers will melt the foundation seamlessly into your skin. If your skin is on the oilier side, apply a light dusting of powder on your T-zone to set the foundation in place.

Light to Medium Coverage

For liquid foundations with light to medium coverage, using your fingers might prove to be slightly messy as the slightly heavier texture might be harder to blend into the skin. An alternative is to use a damp makeup sponge — you will still be able to achieve a radiant complexion as the damp sponge will add a bit of moisture while you are blending the foundation into the skin. If you find that the moisture from the sponge is sheering out your foundation too much, switch to a brush with dense bristles and use circular, buffing motions to distribute the product evenly.

Medium to Full Coverage

A damp makeup sponge is definitely the way to go if you are applying a liquid foundation that offers medium to full coverage. Since the heavyweight texture of the foundation means you run the risk of your make-up looking cakey, the damp sponge will help to sheer out the product and allow it to blend into the skin more seamlessly.


Stick Foundation

If you travel often or always need to have your makeup bag with you while out, then a stick foundation will be your best friend. Not only is it convenient and compact to just pop into your bag, you do not necessarily need to apply it with a brush or sponge. Simply apply the foundation onto your skin directly from the bullet and blend it out using your fingers. However, if you want to achieve a higher coverage, then opt for a flat foundation brush. Make sure to apply in a downwards swiping motion to minimise the amount of product that will enter your pores.

For light to medium coverage, opt for either a makeup sponge or buffing brush. A sponge will add some radiance to your skin — a great option if your skin is dry — while a buffing brush will help create a smoother appearance to your skin as it can help to minimise enlarged pores.


Powder Foundation

Whether you wear powder foundation on its own or over a liquid foundation to set your makeup, it is best applied with either a puff or flat-top foundation brush with dense bristles. When using a puff, press the foundation gently into your skin to make sure the product adheres properly as well as prevent your foundation from looking too powdery.

You can do the same pressing motion with a foundation brush, but if you have areas of your skin affected by acne scars, apply using a buffing motion instead. The circular motion of the buffing method will help blur out the appearance of the scars, thus creating a smoother texture.

If you are using the powder foundation as merely a setting powder to ensure your liquid foundation stays in place, feel free to either use a puff or flat-top brush to apply the product.